Searching database: Midline or pubmed.
Domain is cardiac surgery.
I want a review research paper on the history and development of pericardial path use in cardiac surgery, mainly for heart valve repair.
Early on surgeons had experimented with many materials, from different animal sources ( bovine, porcine, goats, dogs, etc) in addition to using autologous pericardium with glutaraldehyde treatment . The field has rapidly grown and today tissue engineered materials such as extracellular matrix. So there were three eras; experimental eara (1950s-1970s, roughly please check these dates) evaluating the feasibility of using human or animal patch tissue sources in. Then a developmental eara ( 1970s-2000, or today) where autologous pericardium and bovine pericardium became more standardised, while further improvement continued. And finally the ears of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering ( dates to be checked; 1990s_today).
Please indicate the clinical problem ( repairing a heart valve; aortic or mitral) then the problem with those patches used ( structural, functional and failure mechanism such as calcification fibrosis etc) and finally the promise and problems of new generation engineered tissues.
The language should be strictly scientific, no jargons or fancy words please. I gave you a clear outline and you are free to develop it as you wish. The narration should be systematic describing the time line and the process of evolution, with appropriate citation of the source.
All citations must be either from relevant books (indicating the chapter) or peer reviewed published articles in this domain.
Recommended authors to search for ( Magdi yacoub, Charles Duran) they were among the first researchers in this domain.
Suggested key words: patch repair, pericardium, bovine pericardium, extracellular matrix, heart valve repair, experimental.
Citation style: Annals of thoracic surgery.