Arts & Crafts to Early Modernism

Arts & Crafts to Early Modernism:
The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Main Building, 19th century European Galleries 156, 158, 160; American Galleries 111, 117. Assignment: Choose TWO objects that fall within the dates 1870 to 1914. The objects you choose should demonstrate your knowledge of TWO of the following movements in design: the Arts & Crafts Movement, the Aesthetic Movement/Art Nouveau, or the Efficiency Style (the more practically-oriented approach of the German Werkbund). Describe each object carefully. Compare and contrast their similarities and differences. Relate your essay to the theme of the threat and promise of industrialization and urbanization at the turn of the 20th century, as well as the way in which the objects youve chosen are the visible expression of different attitudes or approaches to the nature and character of modern life or modern living and the broad theme of progress in other words, how did the designers, manufacturers, or consumers of this time imagine a design that appropriately reflected and was intended to shape the experience of modern life?